Salon, (french from ital. Salone; i.e. enlarged form of sala: “Saal”).
The term ‘salon’, which has been used in the french language usage since the 18/19th century to include the exhibition room as well as the exhibition itself, dates back to art exhibitions that were regularly organized for the members of the royal art academies since Louis XIV’s reign.
Since 1667 they took place every two years, later annually in spring as “Salon de Mai” in the Salon Carrédes Louvre and served to propagate the official court’s taste in art.
In 1884 they were moved to the Grand Palais, but kept the name Salon. Since the French revolution, other artists were to be admitted in addition to the academy’s members. But since the jury was occasionally identical to that of the Akademie des Beaux-Art, its judgements often were a reason for controversy – that which was conventional was preferred, the new was rejected and thereby suppressed. Although the jury was temporarily dismantled in the year of the revolution, the academic principles of criteria were soon reinstated.
Thus, in the struggle against conservatism at end of the 19th century, “Gegensalons” (“Anti-salons”) were formed: the “Salon des Refusés” (Salon of the Refused) was established in 1863/64 and1873, and in 1884 the “Salon des Indépendants” (Salon of the Independents) was founded, which was exemplary as a counterweight to “Salon de Mai” for all other later secessions. >br>
FOTOGALERIE WIEN, as a part of the years main–theme “ANIMAL”, presents the SALON DE L’ANIMAL, showing more than about 100 photographic works by 58 artists from Austria and abroad:
ROLF AIGNER / IRIS ANDRASCHEK / FELIX GRANDE BAGAZGOITIA / ELFRIEDE BAUMGARTNER / EVA BERTRAM / URSULA BÖHMER: / EVA BRUNNER-SZABO / JOERG BURGER / HEINZ CIBULKA / COR DERA / ANDREAS DWORAK / CHRISTINE ELSINGER / RITA FABSITS / INGRID FANKHAUSER / GIULIANO FERRARI / JIM FORSTER / VERENA FRANKE / THOMAS FREILER / MAGDALENA FREY / ERIKA HALWAX / RALF HOEDT / CAROL HUDSON / RAINER IGLAR / LEO KANDL / JOSIF KIR?LY / ROBO KOCAN / ALEXANDER KOLLER / KAI KUSS / MARKUS LANG / ERICH L?Z?R / PAUL ALBERT LEITNER / HUBERT LOBNIG / ELFRIEDE MEJCHAR / MICHAEL MICHLMAYR / MINYÓ SZERT K?ROLY / WALTER MIRTL / GERTRUDE MOSER–WAGNER / ISABELLE MÜHLBACHER / RUTH NEUBAUER / LYDIA NEUDECK / HANNS OTTE / WALTRAUD PALME / MARTIN PARDATSCHER / ANDREW PHELPS / PIWI / LUCIA RADOCHONSKA / MANFRED SCHNEIDER / HERMAN SEIDL / FRITZ SIMAK / MARGHERITA SPILUTTINI / EVELIN TAMBOUR / ANDREA VAN DER STRAETEN / ZOLT?N VANSCO / MARGHERITA VERDI / ALFRED WETZELSDORFER / MANFRED WILLMANN / ROBERT ZAHORNICKY / CHRISTINA ZÜCK